John Gould was an English ornithologist who also had an interest in art. Over the course of his life, he published numerous monographs on birds, specifically from Australia, with illustrations that he produced with help from his wife, Elizabeth Gould.
Gould was born in Lyme Regis, Dorset in 1804, the son of a gardener. In 1818, Gould's father became forman of the Royal Gardens of Windsor, where the young John Gould trained as a gardener and became an expert in taxidermy. To capitalize on his skill, Gould opened up a taxiderm shop in London in 1824, and later became the first Curator and Preserver at the museum of the Zoological Society of London.